Improvements on coronal hole detection in SDO/AIA images using supervised classification
University of Graz, IGAM-Kanzelhöhe Observatory, NAWI Graz, 8010
2 Royal Observatory of Belgium, 1180 Brussels, Belgium
3 Medical University of Graz, Institute of Biophysics, 8010 Graz, Austria
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 20 June 2015
We demonstrate the use of machine learning algorithms in combination with segmentation techniques in order to distinguish coronal holes and filaments in SDO/AIA EUV images of the Sun. Based on two coronal hole detection techniques (intensity-based thresholding, SPoCA), we prepared datasets of manually labeled coronal hole and filament channel regions present on the Sun during the time range 2011–2013. By mapping the extracted regions from EUV observations onto HMI line-of-sight magnetograms we also include their magnetic characteristics. We computed shape measures from the segmented binary maps as well as first order and second order texture statistics from the segmented regions in the EUV images and magnetograms. These attributes were used for data mining investigations to identify the most performant rule to differentiate between coronal holes and filament channels. We applied several classifiers, namely Support Vector Machine (SVM), Linear Support Vector Machine, Decision Tree, and Random Forest, and found that all classification rules achieve good results in general, with linear SVM providing the best performances (with a true skill statistic of ≈ 0.90). Additional information from magnetic field data systematically improves the performance across all four classifiers for the SPoCA detection. Since the calculation is inexpensive in computing time, this approach is well suited for applications on real-time data. This study demonstrates how a machine learning approach may help improve upon an unsupervised feature extraction method.
Key words: Solar wind / Coronal holes / Filament channels / Feature extraction / Supervised Classification / Textural features
© M.A. Reiss et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2015
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