Open Access
Issue
J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 4, 2014
Article Number A34
Number of page(s) 16
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2014030
Published online 18 November 2014
  • Abe, S., H. Kawano, J. Goldstein, S. Ohtani, S.I. Solovyev, D.G. Baishev, and K. Yumoto. Simultaneous identification of a plasmaspheric plume by a ground magnetometer pair and IMAGE extreme ultraviolet imager, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A11202, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011653. [CrossRef]
  • Benson, R.F., P.A. Webb, J.L. Green, L. Garcia, and B.W. Reinisch. Magnetospheric electron densities inferred from upper-hybrid band emissions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L20803, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2004GL020847. [CrossRef]
  • Berube, D., M.B. Moldwin, and J.M. Weygand. An automated method for the detection of field line resonance frequencies using ground magnetometer techniques, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A9, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009737.
  • Berube, D., M.B. Moldwin, S.F. Fung, and J.L. Green. A plasmaspheric mass density model and constraints on its heavy ion concentration, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A04212, 2005, DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010684.
  • Berube, D., M.B. Moldwin, and M. Ahn. Computing magnetospheric mass density from field line resonances in a realistic magnetic field geometry, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A08206, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011450.
  • Burch, J.L. The first two years of IMAGE, Space Sci. Rev., 109, 1–4, 2003, DOI: 10.1023/B:SPAC.0000007510.32068.68. [CrossRef]
  • Carpenter, D.L. Whistler evidence of a “knee” in the magnetospheric ionization density profile, J. Geophys. Res., 68 (6), 1675–1682, 1963, DOI: 10.1029/JZ068i006p01675. [CrossRef]
  • Carpenter, D.L., and C.G. Park. On what ionospheric workers should know about the plasmapause-plasmasphere, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 11 (1), 133–154, 1973, DOI: 10.1029/RG011i001p00133. [CrossRef]
  • Carpenter, D.L., and R.R. Anderson. An ISEE/whistler model of equatorial electron density in the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A2, 1097–1108, 1992, DOI: 10.1029/91JA01548. [CrossRef]
  • Carpenter, D.L., R.R. Anderson, W. Calvert, and M.B. Moldwin. CRRES observations of density cavities inside the plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 23323–23338, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/2000JA000013. [CrossRef]
  • Chappell, C.R., K.K. Harris, and G.W. Sharp. The dayside of the plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 76 (31), 7632–7647, 1971, DOI: 10.1029/JA076i031p07632. [CrossRef]
  • Chi, P.J., C.T. Russell, S. Musman, W.K. Peterson, G. Le, V. Angelopolous, G.D. Reeves, M.B. Moldwin, and F.K. Chun. Plasmaspheric depletion and refilling associated with the September 25, 1978 magnetic storm observed by ground magnetometers at L=2, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 5, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/1999GL010722. [CrossRef]
  • Chi, P.J., M.J. Engebretson, M.B. Moldwin, C.T. Russell, I.R. Mann, et al. Sounding of the plasmasphere by Mid-continent MAgnetoseismic Chain (McMAC) magnetometers, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6, 2013, DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50274. [CrossRef]
  • Clilverd, M.A., A.J. Smith, and N.R. Thomson. The annual variation in quiet time plasmaspheric electron density determined from whistler mode group delays, Planet. Space Sci., 39 (7), 1059–1067, 1991, DOI: 10.1016/0032-0633(91)90113-O. [CrossRef]
  • Clilverd, M.A., F.W. Menk, G. Milinevski, B.R. Sandel, and J. Goldstein. In situ and ground-based intercalibration measurements of plasma density at L=2.5, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A10, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009866.
  • Collier, A.B., J. Lichtenberger, M.A. Clilverd, C.J. Rodger, and P. Steinbach. Source region for whistlers detected at Rothera, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A03219, 2011, DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016197.
  • Daglis, I.A., R.M. Thorne, W. Baumjohann, and S. Orsino. The terrestrial ring current: origin, formation, and decay, Rev. Geophys., 37 (4), 407–438, 1999, DOI: 10.1.1.40.2177. [CrossRef]
  • Darrouzet, F., P.M.E. Décréau, J. De Keyser, A. Masson, and D.L. Gallagher. Density structures inside the plasmasphere: cluster observations, Ann. Geophys., 22, 2577–2585, 2004, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-22-2577-2004. [CrossRef]
  • Darrouzet, F., J. De Keyser, P.M.E. Décréau, D.L. Gallagher, V. Pierrad, et al. Analysis of plasmaspheric plumes: CLUSTER and IMAGE observations, Ann. Geophys., 24, 1737–1758, 2006, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-24-1737-2006. [CrossRef]
  • Darrouzet, F., V. Pierrard, S. Benck, G. Lointier, and J. Cabrera. Links between the plasmapause and the radiation belt boundaries as observed by the instruments CIS, RAPID, and WHISPER onboard Cluster, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 7, 2013, DOI: 1.1002/jgra.50239. [CrossRef]
  • Denton, R.E., P.M.E. Décréau, M.J. Engebretson, F. Darrouzet, and J.L. Posch. Field line distribution of density at L=4.8 inferred from observations by CLUSTER, Ann. Geophys, 27, 705–724, 2009, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-27-705-2009. [CrossRef]
  • Foster, J.C., C.G. Park, L.H. Brace, J.R. Burrows, J.H. Hoffman, E.J. Maier, and J.H. Whitteker. Plasmapause signatures in the ionosphere and magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 83, A3, 1175–1182, 1978, DOI: 10.1029/JA083iA03p01175. [CrossRef]
  • Foster, J.C., P.J. Erickson, A.J. Coster, J. Goldstein, and F.J. Rich. Ionospheric signatures of plasmaspheric tails, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 13, 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015067.
  • Fraser, B.J. The FedSat microsatellite mission, Space Sci. Rev., 107, 1–2, 2003, DOI: 10.1023/A:1025508816225. [CrossRef]
  • Fraser, B.J., J.L. Horwitz, J.A. Slavin, Z.C. Dent, and I.R. Mann. Heavy ion mass loading of the geomagnetic field near the plasmapause and ULF wave implications, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L04102, 2005, DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021315.
  • Gallagher, D.L., P.D. Craven, and R.H. Comfort. Global core plasma model, J. Geophys. Res., 105, A8, 18819–18833, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/1999JA000241. [CrossRef]
  • Gjerloev, J.W. The SuperMAG data processing technique, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A9, 1978–2012, 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017683.
  • Goldstein, J., and B.R. Sandel. The global pattern of evolution of plasmaspheric drainage plumes. In: J. Burch, M. Schulz, and H. Spence, Editor, Inner magnetosphere interactions: new perspectives from imaging. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 2005, DOI: 10.1029/159GM02.
  • Goldstein, J., R.W. Spiro, P.H. Reiff, R.A. Wolf, and B.R. Sandel. IMF-driven overshielding electric field and the origin of the plasmaspheric shoulder of March 24, 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett, 29, 16, 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2001GL014534. [CrossRef]
  • Goldstein, J., M. Spasojević, P.H. Reiff, B.R. Sandel, T. Forrester, D.L. Gallagher, and B.W. Reinisch. Identifying the plasmapause in IMAGE EUV data using IMAGE RPI in situ steep density gradients, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A4, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009475.
  • Grew, R.S., F.W. Menk, M.A. Clilverd, and B.R. Sandel. Mass and electron densities in the inner magnetosphere during a prolonged disturbed interval, Geophys. Res. Lett, 34, L02108, 2007, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028254. [CrossRef]
  • Hartinger, M., M.B. Moldwin, V. Angelopolous, K. Takahashi, H.J. Singer, R.R. Anderson, Y. Nishimura, and J.R. Wygant. Pc5 wave power in the quiet-time plasmasphere and trough: CRRES observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L07107, 2010, DOI: 10.1029/2010GL042475. [CrossRef]
  • Horwitz, J.L., R.H. Comfort, and C.R. Chappell. A statistical characterization of plasmapshere density structure and boundary locations, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 7937–7947, 1990, DOI: 10.1029/JA095iA06p07937. [CrossRef]
  • Kabin, K., R. Rankin, I.R. Mann, A.W. Degeling, and R. Marchand. Polarization properties of standing shear Alfvén waves in non-axisymmetric background magnetic fields, Ann. Geophys., 25, 815–822, 2007, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-25-815-2007. [CrossRef]
  • Kale, Z.C., I.R. Mann, C.L. Waters, J. Goldstein, F.W. Menk, and L.G. Ozeke. Ground magnetometer observation of a cross-phase reversal at a steep plasmapause, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A10222, 2007, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012367. [CrossRef]
  • Kale, Z.C., I.R. Mann, C.L. Waters, M. Vellante, T.L. Zhang, and F. Honary. Plasmaspheric dynamics resulting from the Hallowe’en 2003 geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A08204, 2009, DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014194.
  • Kim, K.-H., J. Goldstein, and D. Berube. Plasmaspheric drainage plume observed by the Polar satellite in the prenoon sector and the IMAGE satellite during the magnetic storm of 11 April 2001, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06237, 2007, DOI: 10.1029/2006JA012030.
  • Lichtenberger, J., M.A. Clilverd, B. Heilig, M. Vellante, and J. Manninen. The plasmasphere during a space weather event: first results from the PLASMON project, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 3, A23, 2013, DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2013045. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Menk, F.W., and C.L. Waters. Magnetoseismology: ground-based remote sensing of Earth’s magnetosphere, Wiley, Berlin, 2013. [CrossRef]
  • Menk, F.W., D. Orr, M.A. Clilverd, A.J. Smith, C.L. Waters, D.K. Milling, and B.J. Fraser. Monitoring spatial and temporal variations in the dayside plasmasphere using geomagnetic field line resonances, J. Geophys. Res., 104, A9, 19955–19969, 1999, DOI: 10.1029/1999JA900205. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef]
  • Menk, F.W., I.R. Mann, A.J. Smith, C.L. Waters, M.A. Clilverd, and D.K. Milling. Monitoring the plasmapause using geomagnetic field line resonances, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A04216, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010097.
  • Menk, F.W., S.T. Ables, R.S. Grew, M.A. Clilverd, and B.R. Sandel. The annual and longitudinal variations in plasmaspheric ion density, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A3, 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017071.
  • Milling, D.K., I.R. Mann, and F.W. Menk. Diagnosing the plasmapause with a network of closely spaced ground-based magnetometers, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 (1), 115–118, 2001, DOI: 10.1029/2000GL011935. [CrossRef]
  • Moldwin, M.B., L. Downward, H.K. Rassoul, R. Amin, and R.R. Anderson. A new model of the location of the plasmapause: CRRES results, J. Geophys. Res., 107, A11, 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2001JA009211.
  • Moldwin, M.B., J. Howard, J. Sanny, J.D. Bocchicchio, H.K. Rassoul, and R.R. Anderson. Plasmaspheric plumes: CRRES observations of enhanced density beyond the plasmapause, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A5, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010320.
  • Moore, T.E., D.L. Gallagher, J.L. Horwitz, and R.H. Comfort. MHD wave breaking in the outer plasmasphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 10, 1987, DOI: 10.1029/GL014i010p01007. [CrossRef]
  • Morley, S.K., S.T. Ables, M.D. Sciffer, and B.J. Fraser. Multipoint observations of Pc1-2 waves in the afternoon sector, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A09205, 2009, DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014162.
  • Obana, Y., F.W. Menk, M.D. Sciffer, and C.L. Waters. Quarter-wave modes of standing Alfvén waves detected by cross-phase analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08203, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012917.
  • Obana, Y., F.W. Menk, and I. Yoshikawa. Plasma refilling rates for L = 2.3–3.8 flux tubes, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A03204, 2010, DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014191.
  • O’Brien, T.P., and M.B. Moldwin. Empirical plasmapause models from magnetic indices, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (4), 1152, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2002GL016007. [CrossRef]
  • Ozhogin, P., J. Tu, P. Song, and B.W. Reinisch. Field-aligned distribution of the plasmaspheric electron density: an empirical model derived from the IMAGE RPI measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A06225, 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017330.
  • Park, C.G., D.L. Carpenter, and D.B. Wiggin. Electron density in the plasmasphere: whistler data on solar cycle, annual and diurnal variations, J. Geophys. Res., 83, A7, 1978, DOI: 10.1029/JA083iA07p03137.
  • Poulter, E.M., and W. Allan. The ground magnetic fields of transient ULF pulsations at the plasmapause, Planet. Space Sci., 34 (11), 1073–1079, 1986. [CrossRef]
  • Reinisch, B.W., X. Huang, D.M. Haines, I.A. Galkin, and J.L. Green. First results from the Radio Plasma Imager on IMAGE, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 6, 2001, DOI: 10.1029/2000GL012398.
  • Reinisch, B.W., X. Huang, P. Song, J.L. Green, S.F. Fung, V.M. Vasyliunas, D.L. Gallagher, and B.R. Sandel. Plasmaspheric mass loss and refilling as a result of a magnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A01202, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009948.
  • Saka, O., and J.S. Kim. Spatial phase structure of low-latitude Pc3-4 pulsations, Planet. Space Sci., 33 (9), 1073–1079, 1985. [CrossRef]
  • Sandel, B.R., J. Goldstein, D.L. Gallagher, and M. Spasojevic. Extreme ultraviolet imager observations of the structure and dynamics of the plasmasphere, Space Sci. Rev., 109, 1–4, 2003, DOI: 10.1023/B:SPAC.0000007511.47727.5b. [CrossRef]
  • Singh, N., and J.L. Horwitz. Plasmasphere refilling: recent observations and modelling, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A2, 1992, DOI: 10.1029/91JA02602.
  • Spasojević, M., J. Goldstein, D.L. Carpenter, U.S. Inan, B.R. Sandel, M.B. Moldwin, and B.W. Reinisch. Global response of the plasmasphere to a geomagnetic disturbance, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A9, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009987.
  • Summers, D., B. Li, and N.P. Meredith. Timescales for radiation belt electron acceleration and loss due to resonant wave-particle interactions: 2. Evaluation for VLF chorus, ELF hiss, and electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A04207, 2007, DOI: 101.209/2006JA011993.
  • Takahashi, K., R.E. Denton, R.R. Anderson, and W.J. Hughes. Mass density inferred from toroidal wave frequencies and its comparison to electron density, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A01201, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011286.
  • Takahashi, K., S.-I. Ohtani, R.E. Denton, W.J. Hughes, and R.R. Anderson. Ion composition in the plasma trough and plasma plume derived from a Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite magnetoseismic study, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A12203, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013248. [CrossRef]
  • Vellante, M., and M. Föster. Inference of the magnetospheric plasma mass density from field line resonances: a test using a plasmasphere model, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A11204, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011588. [CrossRef]
  • Walker, A.D.M. Formation of whistler ducts, Planet. Space Sci., 26 (4), 375–379, 1978, DOI: 10.1016/0032-0633(78)90121-6. [CrossRef]
  • Waters, C.L., and M.D. Sciffer. Field line resonant frequencies and ionospheric conductance: results from a 2-D MHD model, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A05219, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012822.
  • Waters, C.L., F.W. Menk, and B.J. Fraser. The resonance structure of low latitude Pc3 geomagnetic pulsations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18 (12), 2293–2296, 1991, DOI: 10.1029/91GL02550. [CrossRef]
  • Waters, C.L., B.G. Harrold, F.W. Menk, J.C. Samson, and B.J. Fraser. Field line resonances and waveguide modes at low latitudes, 2. A model, J. Geophys. Res., 105, A4, 7763–7774, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/1999JA900267. [CrossRef]
  • Waters, C.L., F.W. Menk, M.F. Thomson, C. Foster, and F.R. Fenrich. Remote sensing the magnetosphere using ground-based observations of ULF waves. In: K. Takahashi, P.J. Chi, R.E. Denton, and R.L. Lysak, Editors, Magnetospheric ULF waves: synthesis and new directions. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 319–340, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/169GM21. [CrossRef]
  • Waters, C.L., J.C. Samson, and E.F. Donovan. The temporal variation of the frequency of high latitude field line resonances, J. Geophys. Res., 100, A5, 7987–7996, 1995, DOI: 10.1029/94JA02712. [CrossRef]
  • Yizengaw, E., and M.B. Moldwin. The altitude extension of the mid-latitude trough and its correlation with plasmapause position, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L09105, 2005, DOI: 10.1029/2005GL022854.
  • Yizengaw, E., M.B. Moldwin, P.L. Dyson, B.J. Fraser, and S. Morley. First tomographic image of ionospheric outflows, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L20102, 2006a, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027698. [CrossRef]
  • Yizengaw, E., M.B. Moldwin, and D.A. Galvan. Ionospheric signatures of a plasmaspheric plume over Europe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L17103, 2006b, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL026597. [CrossRef]
  • Yizengaw, E., J. Dewar, J. MacNeil, M.B. Moldwin, D. Galvan, J. Sanny, D. Berube, and B. Sandel. The occurrence of ionospheric signatures of plasmaspheric plumes over different longitudinal sectors, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08318, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012925.
  • Yoshikawa, I., A. Yamazaki, K. Shiomi, K. Yamashita, Y. Takizawa, and M. Nakamura. Evolution of the outer plasmasphere during low geomagnetic activity observed by the EUV scanner onboard Planet-B, J. Geophys. Res., 105, A12, 27777–27789, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/2000JA900106. [CrossRef]
  • Zhang, X., R.H. Comfort, Z.E. Musielak, T.E. Moore, D.L. Gallagher, and J.L. Green. Propagation characteristics of Pc3 compressional waves generated at the dayside magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 98, A9, 15403–15410, 1993, DOI: 10.1029/93JA01322. [CrossRef]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.