J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 3, 2013
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||06 March 2013|
Statistics of sunspot group clusters
Astronomical Institute, University of Wrocław, Kopernika 11, 51–622 Wrocław, Poland
* Corresponding author: e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 16 February 2013
The Zubrzycki method is utilized to find all sunspot groups which are close to each other during each Carrington rotation. The sunspot group areas and their positions for the years 1874–2008 are used. The descending, the ascending and the maximum phases of solar cycles for each solar hemisphere are considered separately. To establish the size of the region D where the clusters are searched, the correlation function dependent on the distance between two groups is applied. The method estimates the weighted area of each cluster. The weights dependent on the correlation function of distances between sunspot groups created each cluster. For each cluster the weighted position is also evaluated. The weights dependent on the areas of sunspot groups created a given cluster. The number distribution of the sunspot groups created each cluster and the cluster statistics within different phases of the 11-year cycle and within all considered solar cycles are also presented.
Key words: Sun / sunspot / statistics and probability / variability
© R. Getko, Published by EDP Sciences 2013
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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