J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 6, 2016
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||15 February 2016|
Overview of the 2015 St. Patrick’s day storm and its consequences for RTK and PPP positioning in Norway
Norwegian Mapping Authority, PO 600 Sentrum, 3507
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 21 January 2016
The 2015 St. Patrick’s day storm was the first storm of solar cycle 24 to reach a level of “Severe” on the NOAA geomagnetic storm scale. The Norwegian Mapping Authority is operating a national real-time kinematic (RTK) positioning network and has in recent years developed software and services and deployed instrumentation to monitor space weather disturbances. Here, we report on our observations during this event. Strong GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) disturbances, measured by the rate-of-TEC index (ROTI), were observed at all latitudes in Norway on March 17th and early on March 18th. Late on the 18th, strong disturbances were only observed in northern parts of Norway. We study the ionospheric disturbances in relation to the auroral electrojet currents, showing that the most intense disturbances of GNSS signals occur on the poleward side of poleward-moving current regions. This indicates a possible connection to ionospheric polar cap plasma patches and/or particle precipitation caused by magnetic reconnection in the magnetosphere tail. We also study the impact of the disturbances on the network RTK and Precise Point Positioning (PPP) techniques. The vertical position errors increase rapidly with increasing ROTI for both techniques, but PPP is more precise than RTK at all disturbance levels.
Key words: Positioning system / Space weather / Storm / Ionosphere (auroral) / Irregularities
© K.S. Jacobsen and Y.L. Andalsvik, Published by EDP Sciences 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.