J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 9, 2019
System Science: Application to Space Weather Analysis, Modelling, and Forecasting
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||01 July 2019|
Estimation of ionospheric delay of NavIC/IRNSS signals using the Taylor Series Expansion
Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT), Ichchhanath Surat-Dumas Road, Keval Chowk, Surat, 395007 Gujarat, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 28 May 2019
The delay in Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC)/Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) signals due to the ionosphere are decisive because it leads to significant changes in the positional accuracy of the system. In this paper, we try to estimate the ionospheric time delay (ionodelay) precisely using the local Taylor Series Expansion (TSE) algorithm for a single frequency NavIC/IRNSS system. The performance of the local TSE algorithm is examined by considering two cases. In case I, the TSE was validated under the influence of an intense geomagnetic storm (8 September 2017) by considering NavIC/IRNSS data from the Indian equatorial and Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) regions. In case II, based on the quiet and disturbed days data, the local TSE model was examined at different locations in the local area (<10 km) using two NavIC/IRNSS receivers (i.e. reference and rover). The results of ionodelay and positional accuracy (Three Dimensional Distance Root Mean Square [3DRMS], Circular Error Probability [CEP], and Spherical Error Probability [SEP]) of NavIC/IRNSS for both the cases indicates that the single frequency local TSE algorithm performs the same as the reference dual frequency model, where as the global eight coefficient Klobuchar and the regional Grid Ionospheric Vertical Error (GIVE) model behaves differently. Therefore, the single-frequency TSE model improves the performance of the NavIC/IRNSS receiver in the local area, and the mathematical coefficient computation and additional frequency hardware cost have been reduced, with the acceptance of a maximum 0.8 m of errors.
Key words: Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) / Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) / coefficient based model / regional model / Taylor Series Expansion (TSE) / ionospheric delay / positional accuracy
© M.V. Desai & S.N. Shah, Published by EDP Sciences 2015
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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