J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 12, 2022
|Number of page(s)
|05 April 2022
Application of Classical Kalman filtering technique in assimilation of multiple data types to NeQuick model
Physics department, Muni University, PO Box 725, Arua, Uganda
2 The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Strada Costiera 11, 34151 Trieste, Italy
3 South African National Space Agency (SANSA), PO Box 32, Hermanus 7200, South Africa
4 Department of Physics and Materials Science, Maseno University, P.O. Box 333-40105, Maseno, Kenya
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 15 February 2022
Accepted: 3 March 2022
This study attempts to improve the estimation of ionospheric electron density profiles over Korea and adjacent areas by employing the classical Kalman filtering technique to assimilate Total Electron Content (TEC) data from various sources into the NeQuick model. Successive corrections method was applied to spread the effect of TEC data assimilation at a given location to others that lacked TEC observations. In order to reveal that the assimilation results emulate the complex ionospheric changes during geomagnetic storms, the selected study days included both quiet (Kp ≤ 3) and disturbed geomagnetic conditions in the year 2015. The results showed that assimilation of TEC data derived from ground-based Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers could improve the root mean squared error (RMSE) associated with the NeQuick model estimation of ionospheric parameters by ≥56%. The improvement of RMSE achieved by assimilating TEC data measured using ionosondes was ~50%. The assimilation of TEC observations made by the COSMIC radio occultation technique yielded results that depicted RMSE improvement of >10%. The assimilation of TEC data measured by GPS receiver onboard Low Earth Orbiting satellites yielded results that revealed deterioration of RMSE. This outcome might be due to either the fact that the receivers are on moving platforms, and these dynamics might not have been accounted for during TEC computation or the limitation of the assimilation process. Validation of our assimilation results with global ionosphere TEC data maps as processed at the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) revealed that both depicted similar TEC changes, showing response to a geomagnetic storm.
Key words: Ionosphere / modeling / data assimilation / NeQuick / Geomagnetic storms
© P. Mungufeni et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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