J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 12, 2022
Topical Issue - Ionospheric plasma irregularities and their impact on radio systems
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||04 May 2022|
Upwelling coherent backscatter plumes observed with ionosondes in low-latitude region
School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China
2 Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji 606-8501, Japan
3 State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
4 College of Earth Sciences, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
5 Institute of Earthquake Science, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 31 March 2022
Investigations of upwelling backscatter plumes are mostly from observations of VHF radars. This study reports the first observation of upwelling backscatter plumes (backscatter echoes beyond the critical frequency of the F2 layer, foF2) recorded by ionosondes at low latitudes on 13 March 2015. With a pair of ionosondes (Puer, 22.7° N, 101.05° E, Dip Lat 12.9° N, and Chiang Mai, 18.76° N, 98.93° E, Dip Lat 9.04° N), Swarm satellites flying side-by-side (longitudinal separation of about 1.4°, about 150 km), and an all-sky imager (25° N, 104° E, Dip Lat 15.1° N), the evolution of plasma bubbles is presented in this study. Observations show that ionosonde backscatter plumes originating from a local-scale upwelling could be observed. In addition, this study also reported ionosonde backscatter plumes from other regions with approaching and receding characteristics. Results show that characteristics of backscatter plumes with ionosondes are consistent with observations from VHF radars. It suggests that ionosonde backscatter plumes might also be used to study the characteristics of upwelling backscatter plumes.
Key words: Upwelling backscatter plumes / plasma bubbles / ionosonde backscatter plumes / spread F
© C. Jiang et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2022
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