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Examples of total pressure profiles during ICME passages. The red arrow marks the ICME arrival time based on the criterion of temperature drop compared to the expected temperature at the same solar wind speed. The area with a constant low temperature profile is coloured in red. Interpretation of the total pressure profile from the criterion by Jian et al. (2006): (a) G1, spacecraft encounters the ICME near its nose, (b) G2 and (c) G3, spacecraft encounters the ICME flank.
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