Planetary Space Weather
Open Access
Research Article

Fig. 2


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In the upper panel we illustrate the shape of the B(r) function according to Cravens (dashed blue lines) depending on the cometary distance in different solar wind conditions. The nucleus and the diamagnetic cavity is on the left, the solar wind arrives from the right-hand side. The vertical black line illustrates the distance of the Rosetta spacecraft (rRosetta) from comet 67P. Monotonically growing from zero to maximum, the Cravens solution reaches the B0 value at infinity. In practice, however, the magnetic field reaches its maximum in a finite distance from the diamagnetic cavity boundary then it starts to decrease. The coloured (red, orange, blue) lines illustrate this behaviour. The blue line represents a scenario with relatively low solar wind pressure; the B0 maximum (marked by black cross) is far away from both the comet and the location of the spacecraft. When the solar wind pressure increases, the B0 maximum is pushed back towards the comet while increasing in value (orange and red lines). The lower panel shows comet 67P’s distance from the sun (dashed yellow line), Rosetta’s distance from the comet (black line). The diamagnetic cavity’s extent calculated using OMNI mSWiM solar wind dynamic pressure is illustrated by the light blue line. The Cravens solution is close to these representations in the upper panel at small cometary distances (r ≈ 3rcs).

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