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Table 1

Information about the SuperDARN radars used in this study. Geomagnetic locations are listed on the Virginia Tech SuperDARN website ( and were calculated using 2005 AACGM coefficients with an assumed altitude of 100 km.

Station ID Radar name Hemisphere Geomagnetic location Start years
CLY Clyde River North 78.8° N 18.1° E 2012
INV Inuvik North 71.5° N −85.1° E 2008
RKN Rankin Inlet North 72.6° N −26.4° E 2008
LYR Longyearbyen North 74.9° N 127.6° E 2016
MCM McMurdo South −80.0° N −33.3° E 2010
SPS South Pole Station South −74.3° N 18.5° E 2013
ZHO Zhongshan South −74.9° N 97.2° E 2010
DCE Dome C South −88.9° N 54.6° E 2014

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