J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 6, 2016
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Published online||11 November 2016|
DOSIS & DOSIS 3D: long-term dose monitoring onboard the Columbus Laboratory of the International Space Station (ISS)
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Höhe, 51147
2 Christian Albrechts Universität zu Kiel (CAU), Christian-Albrechts-Platz, 24118 Kiel, Germany
3 Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences (IFJ), PL-31342 Krakow, Poland
4 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Division of Radiation, Transport and Waste Safety, 1400 Vienna, Austria
5 Technische Universität Wien, Atominstitut (ATI), Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna, Austria
6 EGB MedAustron, Marie-Curie-Straße 5, 2700 Wiener Neustadt, Austria
7 Centre for Energy Research, (MTA EK), Konkoly Thege ut 29-33, 1121 Budapest, Hungary
8 Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS (NPI), Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Na Truhlarce 39/64, 180 00 Prague, Czech Republic
9 Belgian Nuclear Research Center (SCK·CEN), Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol, Belgium
10 NASA, Space Radiation Analysis Group (NASA/SRAG), Houston, TX 77058, USA
11 Leidos, Exploration & Mission Support, 2400 NASA Pkwy, Houston, TX 77058, USA
12 Physics Department, Oklahoma State University (OSU), Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
13 National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, 263-8555 Chiba, Japan
l4 OHB System AG, Universitätsallee 27-29, 28359 Bremen, Germany
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 19 September 2016
The radiation environment encountered in space differs in nature from that on Earth, consisting mostly of highly energetic ions from protons up to iron, resulting in radiation levels far exceeding the ones present on Earth for occupational radiation workers. Since the beginning of the space era, the radiation exposure during space missions has been monitored with various active and passive radiation instruments. Also onboard the International Space Station (ISS), a number of area monitoring devices provide data related to the spatial and temporal variation of the radiation field in and outside the ISS. The aim of the DOSIS (2009–2011) and the DOSIS 3D (2012–ongoing) experiments was and is to measure the radiation environment within the European Columbus Laboratory of the ISS. These measurements are, on the one hand, performed with passive radiation detectors mounted at 11 locations within Columbus for the determination of the spatial distribution of the radiation field parameters and, on the other, with two active radiation detectors mounted at a fixed position inside Columbus for the determination of the temporal variation of the radiation field parameters. Data measured with passive radiation detectors showed that the absorbed dose values inside the Columbus Laboratory follow a pattern, based on the local shielding configuration of the radiation detectors, with minimum dose values observed in the year 2010 of 195–270 μGy/day and maximum values observed in the year 2012 with values ranging from 260 to 360 μGy/day. The absorbed dose is modulated by (a) the variation in solar activity and (b) the changes in ISS altitude.
Key words: International Space Station / Columbus / Space radiation / DOSIS / DOSIS 3D
© T. Berger et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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