This article has an erratum: [https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2019009]
J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 9, 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||05 March 2019|
Nowcast and forecast of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) and solar energetic particle (SEP) fluxes in magnetosphere and ionosphere – Extension of WASAVIES to Earth orbit
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Shirakata 2-4, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan
2 National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR), Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8518, Japan
3 SOKENDAI, Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8518, Japan
4 National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), Nukui-Kitamachi 4-2-1, Koganei, Tokyo 184-0015, Japan
5 Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
6 Hiroshima University, Kasumi 1-2-3, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan
7 National Institute of Technology, Ibaraki College, Nakane 866, Hitachinaka, Ibaraki 312-8508, Japan
8 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Sengen 2-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8505, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 15 February 2019
Real-time estimation of cosmic-ray fluxes on satellite orbits is one of the greatest challenges in space weather research. Therefore, we develop a system for nowcasting and forecasting the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) and solar energetic particle (SEP) fluxes at any location in the magnetosphere and ionosphere during ground-level enhancement (GLE) events. It is an extended version of the WArning System for AVIation Exposure to SEP (WASAVIES), which can determine event profiles by using real-time data of the count rates of several neutron monitors (NMs) at the ground level and high-energy proton fluxes observed by Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) satellites. The extended version, called WASAVIES-EO, can calculate the GCR and SEP fluxes outside a satellite based on its two-line element (TLE) data. Moreover, organ absorbed-dose and dose-equivalent rates of astronauts in the International Space Station (ISS) can be estimated using the system, considering its shielding effect. The accuracy of WASAVIES-EO was validated based on the dose rates measured in ISS, as well as based on high-energy proton fluxes observed by POES satellites during large GLEs that have occurred in the 21st century. Agreement between the nowcast and forecast dose rates in ISS, especially in terms of their temporal structures, indicates the usefulness of the developed system for future mission operations.
Key words: SEP / dosimetry / ground-level enhancement (GLE) / radiation protection / space weather
Note to the reader: Errors have been introduced in Table 2. They are described in the correction notice. This new version published on 8 april 2019 contains all the corrections.
© T. Sato et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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