J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 9, 2019
|Number of page(s)
|26 September 2019
Three-dimensional MHD simulation of the 2008 December 12 coronal mass ejection: from the Sun to Interplanetary space
SIGMA Weather Group, State Key Laboratory for Space Weather, National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing, PR China
2 HIT Institute of Space Science and Applied Technology, 518055 Shenzhen, PR China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 August 2019
A three-dimensional time-dependent, numerical magnetohydrodynamic simulation is performed to investigate the propagation of a coronal mass ejection that occurred on 12 December 2008. The background solar wind is obtained by using a splitting finite-volume scheme based on a six-component grid system in spherical coordinate, with Parker’s one-dimensional solar wind solution and measured photospheric magnetic fields as the initial values. A spherical plasmoid is superposed on the realistic ambient solar wind to study the 12 December 2008 coronal mass ejection event. The plasmoid is assumed to have a spheromak magnetic structure with a high-density, high-velocity, and high-pressure near the Sun. The dynamical interaction between the coronal mass ejection and the background solar wind flow is then investigated. We compared the model results with observations, and the model provide a relatively satisfactory comparison with the Wind spacecraft observations at 1 AU. We also investigated the numerical results assuming different parameters of the CME, we find that initial magnetic fields in the CME have a larger influence on the solar wind parameters at the Earth.
Key words: magnetohydrodynamics / coronal mass ejection / flux rope
© M. Zhang et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2015
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