J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 10, 2020
Topical Issue - Space Weather Instrumentation
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||21 August 2020|
The mini-neutron monitor: a new approach in neutron monitor design
Center for Space Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, Private Bag X6001, 2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa
2 Space Physics and Astronomy Research Unit, University of Oulu, Linnanmaa, 90014 Oulu, Finland
3 Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, University of Oulu, Tähtelantie 62, 99600 Sodankylä, Finland
4 Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Kiel, 24118 Kiel, Germany
5 South African National Space Agency, PO BOX 32, 7200 Hermanus, South Africa
6 Departamento de Física y Matemáticas and Departamento de Automática, Universidad de Alcalá (UAH), Campus Científico-Tecnológico (Externo), Pza. San Diego, s/n, Alcalá de Henares, 28801 Madrid, Spain
7 Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 CDMX, México
8 Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Platanenallee 6, 15738 Zeuthen, Germany
9 Department of Space Science and Applications Research, Ethiopian Space Science and Technology Institute, Algeria Street, 33679 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
10 Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”, University of Florence, 50019 Sesto F.no (Florence), Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 27 July 2020
The near-Earth cosmic ray flux has been monitored for more than 70 years by a network of ground-based neutron monitors (NMs). With the ever-increasing importance of quantifying the radiation risk and effects of cosmic rays for, e.g., air and space-travel, it is essential to continue operating the existing NM stations, while expanding this crucial network. In this paper, we discuss a smaller and cost-effective version of the traditional NM, the mini-NM. These monitors can be deployed with ease, even to extremely remote locations, where they operate in a semi-autonomous fashion. We believe that the mini-NM, therefore, offers the opportunity to increase the sensitivity and expand the coverage of the existing NM network, making this network more suitable to near-real-time monitoring for space weather applications. In this paper, we present the technical details of the mini-NM’s design and operation, and present a summary of the initial tests and science results.
Key words: Neutron monitors / Space weather instrumentation / Cosmic rays / Neutron monitor multiplicity
© D.T. Strauss et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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