J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 11, 2021
Topical Issue - Space Weather Instrumentation
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||09 March 2021|
The first light of the Solar Activity MOF Monitor Telescope (SAMM)
INAF – Rome Astronomical Observatory, Via Frascati, 33, 00078 Monte Porzio Catone, RM, Italy
2 INAF – Capodimonte Astronomical Observatory, Salita Moiariello, 16, 80131 Naples, Italy
3 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
4 Avalon Instruments, Via dei Rutuli, 101, 04011 Aprilia, LT, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 24 December 2020
SAMM (Solar Activity MOF Monitor) is a ground based robotic instrument that has been developed to study and constantly monitor the magnetic activity of the Sun, focusing on Active Regions (ARs). These regions are characterized by complex magnetic structures that may result in explosive events usually associated with large amount of particle and matter ejections in the space environment. When interacting with the Earth magnetosphere they can represent a threat for our infrastructures both in space (satellites, navigation systems) and on the ground (power plants and electrical grids). Based on Sodium (Na) and Potassium (K) magneto optical filters (MOFs), SAMM provides a “tomographic” view of the magnetic structures delivering high cadence magnetograms and dopplergrams at different heights of the solar atmosphere thus providing a unique dataset with the aim to push forward the current space weather forecasting capabilities. Being able to forecast these events enough in advance (even few hours) is a fundamental task to put in place mitigation strategies to reduce the potential catastrophic impact on vital infrastructures on earth. In this scenario the SAMM observatory has been realized to be a “node” that can be replicated in a world-wide network with the aim to give a continuous coverage of the Sun situation. This project has been initially funded by the Italian Ministry of Economic Development (MiSE) in 2015 through a soft loan grant and its development and operation is carried on within a scientific collaboration between the INAF – Rome and Naples Astronomical Observatories and the Italian small enterprise (SME) Avalon Instruments. After three years of development, SAMM is in the commissioning phase. In this paper we are presenting a final instrument description along with the first light images.
Key words: space weather / ground based instrumentation / magneto optical filters / MOF
© R. Speziali et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2021
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