J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 11, 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||15 September 2021|
Inner radiation belt simulations of the proton flux response in the South Atlantic Anomaly during the Geomagnetic Storm of 15 May 2005
Department of Earth System Science and Engineering (ESST), Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences (IGSES), Kyushu University, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
2 Aerospace Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt
3 Department of Advanced Environmental Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
4 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
5 International Center for Space Weather Science and Education (ICSWSE), Kyushu University, 819-0382 Fukuoka, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 17 August 2021
A test particle simulation code was developed to simulate the inner proton belt response during the intense geomagnetic storm of 15 May 2005. The guiding center model was implemented to compute the proton trajectories with an energy range of 70–180 MeV. The time-varying magnetic field model implemented in the simulations was computed by the Tsyganenko model TS05 with the associated inductive electric field. One of the most important features of the low-earth orbit (LEO) environment is the South Atlantic Anomaly, which imposes a dangerous radiation load on most LEO missions. This research aims to investigate the proton flux variations in the anomaly region with respect to space weather conditions. The results showed that during the main phase of the geomagnetic storm, the proton flux in the SAA decreased, whereas, throughout the initial and recovery phases, the proton flux was increased at most of the altitudes. Satellite measurements confirmed numerical results.
Key words: South Atlantic Anomaly / Inner proton belt / Test particle simulations / Proton flux / Geomagnetic storm / Tsyganenko model / Inductive electric field
© K.M. Girgis et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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