Table 1

Scintillation models listed in chronological order. The used abbreviations are: WS – weak scattering, SS – strong scattering, IM – isotropic medium, AM – anisotropic medium, SPO – scintillation probability of occurrence, HL – high latitudes, LL – low latitudes, A – analytical form of indices, P – phenomenological model, DDM – data-driven model, PS – single phase screen model, MPS – multiple phase screen model, NS – numerical simulation, EFM – equations for field moments method, SSTH – synthetic scintillation time history simulation.

Model name Applicability regimes Coverage Method References
Briggs & Parkin WS; IM, AM PS, A Briggs & Parkin (1963)
Bramley WS; IM, AM PS, A Bramley (1967)
Fremouw & Rino WS; IM, AM Global PS, A Fremouw & Rino (1973)
Rumsey-Hinson- WS, SS; IM, EFM, NS Rumsey (1975)
Uscinski AM EFM, EFM, MPS Hinson (1986), Uscinski (1985)
Basu et al. WS, SS; SPO LL PS, DDM Basu et al. (1976)
WBMOD WS, SS; IM, AM; SPO Global PS, A, P Rino (1979a,b), Secan et al. (1995)
Aarons SPO Local, HL; Local, LL P, A Aarons et al. (1980b), Aarons (1985)
Basu et al. WS; IM, AM HL PS, DDM Basu et al. (1981)
Franke & Liu WS LL A Franke & Liu (1985)
GISM WS, SS; IM, AM; SPO Global MPS Béniguel (2002)
Iyer et al. SPO Regional P Iyer et al. (2006),
WAM WS, SS; IM, AM Global PS, DDM Wernik et al. (2007)
Cornell WS, SS SSTH Humphreys et al. (2009)
Retterer WS, SS; IM, AM LL NS Retterer (2010)
SIGMA WS, SS; IM, AM Global PS Deshpande et al. (2014)
UPC/OE/RDA WS, SS; IM, AM Global MPS Camps et al. (2017)
F3CGS4 WS, SS; SPO Global P Chen et al. (2017)
compact-GNSS WS, SS; IM, AM Global PS, SSTH Rino et al. (2018), Ghafoori & Skone (2014)

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