Open Access
J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 4, 2014
Article Number A11
Number of page(s) 9
Published online 11 April 2014
  • Akasofu, S.-I., and Y. Kamide, Comment on “The extreme magnetic storm of 1D2 September 1859” by B.T. Tsurutani, W.D. Gonzalez, G.S. Lakhina, and S. Alex, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A09226, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011005, 2005.
  • Boteler, D.H., The super storms of August/September 1859 and their effects on the telegraph system, Adv. Space Res., 38, 159–172, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2006.01.013, 2006. [CrossRef]
  • Clauer, C.R., and G. Siscoe (Eds.), The great historical geomagnetic storm of 1859: a modern look, Adv. Space Res., 38, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2006.09.001, 2006.
  • Cliver, E.W., and W.F. Dietrich, The 1859 space weather event revisited: limits of extreme activity, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 3, A31, DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2013053, 2013. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences]
  • Cliver, E.W., and L. Svalgaard, The 1859 solar-terrestrial disturbance and the current limits of extreme space weather activity, Sol. Phys., 224, 407–422, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-005-4980-z, 2004. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef]
  • Kappenman, J.G., An overview of the impulsive geomagnetic field disturbances and power grid impacts associated with the violent Sun-Earth connection events of 29–31 October 2003 and a comparative evaluation with other contemporary storms, Space Weather, 3, S08C01, DOI: 10.1029/2004SW000128, 2005. [CrossRef]
  • Kappenman, J.G., Great geomagnetic storms and extreme impulsive geomagnetic field disturbance events – an analysis of observational evidence including the great storm of May 1921, Adv. Space Res., 38, 188–199, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2005.08.055, 2006. [CrossRef]
  • Loomis, E., The great auroral exhibition of August 28th to September 4th, 1859, Am. J. Sci. Arts, 4th article: XXIX, 386–399, 1860.
  • Nevanlinna, H., Gauss’ H-Variometer at the Helsinki Magnetic Observatory (1844–1912), J. Geomagn. Geoelectr., 49, 1209–1216, DOI: 10.5636/jgg.49.1209, 1997. [CrossRef]
  • Nevanlinna, H., On geomagnetic variations during the August-September storms of 1859, Adv. Space Res., 42, 171–180, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2008.01.002, 2008. [CrossRef]
  • Nevanlinna, H., and L. Häkkinen, Results of Russian geomagnetic observatories in the 19th century: magnetic activity, 1841–1862, Ann. Geophys., 28, 917–926, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-28-917-2010, 2010. [CrossRef]
  • Ptitsyna, N., and A. Altamore, Father Secchi and the first Italian magnetic observatory, Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 3, 33–45, DOI: 10.5194/hgss-3-33-2012, 2012. [CrossRef]
  • Ptitsyna, N.G., M.I. Tyasto, and A. Altamore, New data on the giant September 1859 magnetic storm: an analysis of Italian and Russian historic observations, in: Proceedings of the 9th Intl. Conf. “Problems of Geocosmos”, Oct 8–12, 2012, St. Petersburg, Russia, pp. 353–358, 2012a.
  • Ptitsyna, N.G., M.I. Tyasto, and B.A. Khrapov, Great geomagnetic storms in 1841–1870 according to the data from the network of russian geomagnetic observatories, Geomagn. Aeron., 52, 649–659, DOI: 10.1134/S0016793212040123, 2012b. [CrossRef]
  • Pulkkinen, A., E. Bernabeu, J. Eichner, C. Beggan, and A.W.P. Thomson, Generation of 100-year geomagnetically induced current scenarios, Space Weather, 10, S04003, DOI: 10.1029/2011SW000750, 2012. [CrossRef]
  • Siscoe, G., N.U. Crooker, and C.R. Clauer, Dst of the Carrington storm of 1859, Adv. Space Res., 38, 173–179, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2005.02.102, 2006. [CrossRef]
  • Thomson, A., E. Dawson, and S. Reay, Quantifying extreme behaviour in geomagnetic activity, Space Weather, 9, S10001, DOI: 10.1029/2011SW000696, 2011. [CrossRef]
  • Tsurutani, B.T., W.D. Gonzalez, G.S. Lakhina, and S. Alex, The extreme magnetic storm of 1–2 September 1859, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 1268, DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009504, 2003. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef]
  • Tyasto, M.I., N.G. Ptitsyna, I.S. Veselovsky, and O.S. Yakovchouk, Extremely strong geomagnetic storm of September 2–3, 1859, According to the archived data of observations at the Russian network, Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 153–162, DOI: 10.1134/S0016793209020030, 2009. [CrossRef]
  • Viljanen, A., The relation between geomagnetic variations and their time derivatives and implications for estimation of induction risks, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 631–634, DOI: 10.1029/97GL00538, 1997. [CrossRef]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.