Open Access
J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 4, 2014
Article Number A34
Number of page(s) 16
Published online 18 November 2014
  • Abe, S., H. Kawano, J. Goldstein, S. Ohtani, S.I. Solovyev, D.G. Baishev, and K. Yumoto. Simultaneous identification of a plasmaspheric plume by a ground magnetometer pair and IMAGE extreme ultraviolet imager, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A11202, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011653. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Benson, R.F., P.A. Webb, J.L. Green, L. Garcia, and B.W. Reinisch. Magnetospheric electron densities inferred from upper-hybrid band emissions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L20803, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2004GL020847. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Berube, D., M.B. Moldwin, and J.M. Weygand. An automated method for the detection of field line resonance frequencies using ground magnetometer techniques, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A9, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009737. [Google Scholar]
  • Berube, D., M.B. Moldwin, S.F. Fung, and J.L. Green. A plasmaspheric mass density model and constraints on its heavy ion concentration, J. Geophys. Res., 110, A04212, 2005, DOI: 10.1029/2004JA010684. [Google Scholar]
  • Berube, D., M.B. Moldwin, and M. Ahn. Computing magnetospheric mass density from field line resonances in a realistic magnetic field geometry, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A08206, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011450. [Google Scholar]
  • Burch, J.L. The first two years of IMAGE, Space Sci. Rev., 109, 1–4, 2003, DOI: 10.1023/B:SPAC.0000007510.32068.68. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carpenter, D.L. Whistler evidence of a “knee” in the magnetospheric ionization density profile, J. Geophys. Res., 68 (6), 1675–1682, 1963, DOI: 10.1029/JZ068i006p01675. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carpenter, D.L., and C.G. Park. On what ionospheric workers should know about the plasmapause-plasmasphere, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 11 (1), 133–154, 1973, DOI: 10.1029/RG011i001p00133. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Carpenter, D.L., and R.R. Anderson. An ISEE/whistler model of equatorial electron density in the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A2, 1097–1108, 1992, DOI: 10.1029/91JA01548. [Google Scholar]
  • Carpenter, D.L., R.R. Anderson, W. Calvert, and M.B. Moldwin. CRRES observations of density cavities inside the plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 23323–23338, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/2000JA000013. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chappell, C.R., K.K. Harris, and G.W. Sharp. The dayside of the plasmasphere, J. Geophys. Res., 76 (31), 7632–7647, 1971, DOI: 10.1029/JA076i031p07632. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chi, P.J., C.T. Russell, S. Musman, W.K. Peterson, G. Le, V. Angelopolous, G.D. Reeves, M.B. Moldwin, and F.K. Chun. Plasmaspheric depletion and refilling associated with the September 25, 1978 magnetic storm observed by ground magnetometers at L=2, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 5, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/1999GL010722. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chi, P.J., M.J. Engebretson, M.B. Moldwin, C.T. Russell, I.R. Mann, et al. Sounding of the plasmasphere by Mid-continent MAgnetoseismic Chain (McMAC) magnetometers, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6, 2013, DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50274. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Clilverd, M.A., A.J. Smith, and N.R. Thomson. The annual variation in quiet time plasmaspheric electron density determined from whistler mode group delays, Planet. Space Sci., 39 (7), 1059–1067, 1991, DOI: 10.1016/0032-0633(91)90113-O. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Clilverd, M.A., F.W. Menk, G. Milinevski, B.R. Sandel, and J. Goldstein. In situ and ground-based intercalibration measurements of plasma density at L=2.5, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A10, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009866. [Google Scholar]
  • Collier, A.B., J. Lichtenberger, M.A. Clilverd, C.J. Rodger, and P. Steinbach. Source region for whistlers detected at Rothera, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A03219, 2011, DOI: 10.1029/2010JA016197. [Google Scholar]
  • Daglis, I.A., R.M. Thorne, W. Baumjohann, and S. Orsino. The terrestrial ring current: origin, formation, and decay, Rev. Geophys., 37 (4), 407–438, 1999, DOI: [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Darrouzet, F., P.M.E. Décréau, J. De Keyser, A. Masson, and D.L. Gallagher. Density structures inside the plasmasphere: cluster observations, Ann. Geophys., 22, 2577–2585, 2004, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-22-2577-2004. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Darrouzet, F., J. De Keyser, P.M.E. Décréau, D.L. Gallagher, V. Pierrad, et al. Analysis of plasmaspheric plumes: CLUSTER and IMAGE observations, Ann. Geophys., 24, 1737–1758, 2006, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-24-1737-2006. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Darrouzet, F., V. Pierrard, S. Benck, G. Lointier, and J. Cabrera. Links between the plasmapause and the radiation belt boundaries as observed by the instruments CIS, RAPID, and WHISPER onboard Cluster, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 7, 2013, DOI: 1.1002/jgra.50239. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Denton, R.E., P.M.E. Décréau, M.J. Engebretson, F. Darrouzet, and J.L. Posch. Field line distribution of density at L=4.8 inferred from observations by CLUSTER, Ann. Geophys, 27, 705–724, 2009, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-27-705-2009. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Foster, J.C., C.G. Park, L.H. Brace, J.R. Burrows, J.H. Hoffman, E.J. Maier, and J.H. Whitteker. Plasmapause signatures in the ionosphere and magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 83, A3, 1175–1182, 1978, DOI: 10.1029/JA083iA03p01175. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Foster, J.C., P.J. Erickson, A.J. Coster, J. Goldstein, and F.J. Rich. Ionospheric signatures of plasmaspheric tails, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 13, 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015067. [Google Scholar]
  • Fraser, B.J. The FedSat microsatellite mission, Space Sci. Rev., 107, 1–2, 2003, DOI: 10.1023/A:1025508816225. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fraser, B.J., J.L. Horwitz, J.A. Slavin, Z.C. Dent, and I.R. Mann. Heavy ion mass loading of the geomagnetic field near the plasmapause and ULF wave implications, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L04102, 2005, DOI: 10.1029/2004GL021315. [Google Scholar]
  • Gallagher, D.L., P.D. Craven, and R.H. Comfort. Global core plasma model, J. Geophys. Res., 105, A8, 18819–18833, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/1999JA000241. [Google Scholar]
  • Gjerloev, J.W. The SuperMAG data processing technique, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A9, 1978–2012, 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2012JA017683. [Google Scholar]
  • Goldstein, J., and B.R. Sandel. The global pattern of evolution of plasmaspheric drainage plumes. In: J. Burch, M. Schulz, and H. Spence, Editor, Inner magnetosphere interactions: new perspectives from imaging. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 2005, DOI: 10.1029/159GM02. [Google Scholar]
  • Goldstein, J., R.W. Spiro, P.H. Reiff, R.A. Wolf, and B.R. Sandel. IMF-driven overshielding electric field and the origin of the plasmaspheric shoulder of March 24, 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett, 29, 16, 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2001GL014534. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Goldstein, J., M. Spasojević, P.H. Reiff, B.R. Sandel, T. Forrester, D.L. Gallagher, and B.W. Reinisch. Identifying the plasmapause in IMAGE EUV data using IMAGE RPI in situ steep density gradients, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A4, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009475. [Google Scholar]
  • Grew, R.S., F.W. Menk, M.A. Clilverd, and B.R. Sandel. Mass and electron densities in the inner magnetosphere during a prolonged disturbed interval, Geophys. Res. Lett, 34, L02108, 2007, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028254. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Hartinger, M., M.B. Moldwin, V. Angelopolous, K. Takahashi, H.J. Singer, R.R. Anderson, Y. Nishimura, and J.R. Wygant. Pc5 wave power in the quiet-time plasmasphere and trough: CRRES observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L07107, 2010, DOI: 10.1029/2010GL042475. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Horwitz, J.L., R.H. Comfort, and C.R. Chappell. A statistical characterization of plasmapshere density structure and boundary locations, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 7937–7947, 1990, DOI: 10.1029/JA095iA06p07937. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kabin, K., R. Rankin, I.R. Mann, A.W. Degeling, and R. Marchand. Polarization properties of standing shear Alfvén waves in non-axisymmetric background magnetic fields, Ann. Geophys., 25, 815–822, 2007, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-25-815-2007. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kale, Z.C., I.R. Mann, C.L. Waters, J. Goldstein, F.W. Menk, and L.G. Ozeke. Ground magnetometer observation of a cross-phase reversal at a steep plasmapause, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A10222, 2007, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012367. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kale, Z.C., I.R. Mann, C.L. Waters, M. Vellante, T.L. Zhang, and F. Honary. Plasmaspheric dynamics resulting from the Hallowe’en 2003 geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A08204, 2009, DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014194. [Google Scholar]
  • Kim, K.-H., J. Goldstein, and D. Berube. Plasmaspheric drainage plume observed by the Polar satellite in the prenoon sector and the IMAGE satellite during the magnetic storm of 11 April 2001, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06237, 2007, DOI: 10.1029/2006JA012030. [Google Scholar]
  • Lichtenberger, J., M.A. Clilverd, B. Heilig, M. Vellante, and J. Manninen. The plasmasphere during a space weather event: first results from the PLASMON project, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 3, A23, 2013, DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2013045. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Menk, F.W., and C.L. Waters. Magnetoseismology: ground-based remote sensing of Earth’s magnetosphere, Wiley, Berlin, 2013. [Google Scholar]
  • Menk, F.W., D. Orr, M.A. Clilverd, A.J. Smith, C.L. Waters, D.K. Milling, and B.J. Fraser. Monitoring spatial and temporal variations in the dayside plasmasphere using geomagnetic field line resonances, J. Geophys. Res., 104, A9, 19955–19969, 1999, DOI: 10.1029/1999JA900205. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Menk, F.W., I.R. Mann, A.J. Smith, C.L. Waters, M.A. Clilverd, and D.K. Milling. Monitoring the plasmapause using geomagnetic field line resonances, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A04216, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010097. [Google Scholar]
  • Menk, F.W., S.T. Ables, R.S. Grew, M.A. Clilverd, and B.R. Sandel. The annual and longitudinal variations in plasmaspheric ion density, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A3, 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017071. [Google Scholar]
  • Milling, D.K., I.R. Mann, and F.W. Menk. Diagnosing the plasmapause with a network of closely spaced ground-based magnetometers, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 (1), 115–118, 2001, DOI: 10.1029/2000GL011935. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Moldwin, M.B., L. Downward, H.K. Rassoul, R. Amin, and R.R. Anderson. A new model of the location of the plasmapause: CRRES results, J. Geophys. Res., 107, A11, 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2001JA009211. [Google Scholar]
  • Moldwin, M.B., J. Howard, J. Sanny, J.D. Bocchicchio, H.K. Rassoul, and R.R. Anderson. Plasmaspheric plumes: CRRES observations of enhanced density beyond the plasmapause, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A5, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010320. [Google Scholar]
  • Moore, T.E., D.L. Gallagher, J.L. Horwitz, and R.H. Comfort. MHD wave breaking in the outer plasmasphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 14, 10, 1987, DOI: 10.1029/GL014i010p01007. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Morley, S.K., S.T. Ables, M.D. Sciffer, and B.J. Fraser. Multipoint observations of Pc1-2 waves in the afternoon sector, J. Geophys. Res., 114, A09205, 2009, DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014162. [Google Scholar]
  • Obana, Y., F.W. Menk, M.D. Sciffer, and C.L. Waters. Quarter-wave modes of standing Alfvén waves detected by cross-phase analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08203, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012917. [Google Scholar]
  • Obana, Y., F.W. Menk, and I. Yoshikawa. Plasma refilling rates for L = 2.3–3.8 flux tubes, J. Geophys. Res., 115, A03204, 2010, DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014191. [Google Scholar]
  • O’Brien, T.P., and M.B. Moldwin. Empirical plasmapause models from magnetic indices, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30 (4), 1152, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2002GL016007. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ozhogin, P., J. Tu, P. Song, and B.W. Reinisch. Field-aligned distribution of the plasmaspheric electron density: an empirical model derived from the IMAGE RPI measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 117, A06225, 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2011JA017330. [Google Scholar]
  • Park, C.G., D.L. Carpenter, and D.B. Wiggin. Electron density in the plasmasphere: whistler data on solar cycle, annual and diurnal variations, J. Geophys. Res., 83, A7, 1978, DOI: 10.1029/JA083iA07p03137. [Google Scholar]
  • Poulter, E.M., and W. Allan. The ground magnetic fields of transient ULF pulsations at the plasmapause, Planet. Space Sci., 34 (11), 1073–1079, 1986. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., X. Huang, D.M. Haines, I.A. Galkin, and J.L. Green. First results from the Radio Plasma Imager on IMAGE, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 6, 2001, DOI: 10.1029/2000GL012398. [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., X. Huang, P. Song, J.L. Green, S.F. Fung, V.M. Vasyliunas, D.L. Gallagher, and B.R. Sandel. Plasmaspheric mass loss and refilling as a result of a magnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res., 109, A01202, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009948. [Google Scholar]
  • Saka, O., and J.S. Kim. Spatial phase structure of low-latitude Pc3-4 pulsations, Planet. Space Sci., 33 (9), 1073–1079, 1985. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sandel, B.R., J. Goldstein, D.L. Gallagher, and M. Spasojevic. Extreme ultraviolet imager observations of the structure and dynamics of the plasmasphere, Space Sci. Rev., 109, 1–4, 2003, DOI: 10.1023/B:SPAC.0000007511.47727.5b. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Singh, N., and J.L. Horwitz. Plasmasphere refilling: recent observations and modelling, J. Geophys. Res., 97, A2, 1992, DOI: 10.1029/91JA02602. [Google Scholar]
  • Spasojević, M., J. Goldstein, D.L. Carpenter, U.S. Inan, B.R. Sandel, M.B. Moldwin, and B.W. Reinisch. Global response of the plasmasphere to a geomagnetic disturbance, J. Geophys. Res., 108, A9, 2003, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA009987. [Google Scholar]
  • Summers, D., B. Li, and N.P. Meredith. Timescales for radiation belt electron acceleration and loss due to resonant wave-particle interactions: 2. Evaluation for VLF chorus, ELF hiss, and electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A04207, 2007, DOI: 101.209/2006JA011993. [Google Scholar]
  • Takahashi, K., R.E. Denton, R.R. Anderson, and W.J. Hughes. Mass density inferred from toroidal wave frequencies and its comparison to electron density, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A01201, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011286. [Google Scholar]
  • Takahashi, K., S.-I. Ohtani, R.E. Denton, W.J. Hughes, and R.R. Anderson. Ion composition in the plasma trough and plasma plume derived from a Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite magnetoseismic study, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A12203, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013248. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Vellante, M., and M. Föster. Inference of the magnetospheric plasma mass density from field line resonances: a test using a plasmasphere model, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A11204, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011588. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Walker, A.D.M. Formation of whistler ducts, Planet. Space Sci., 26 (4), 375–379, 1978, DOI: 10.1016/0032-0633(78)90121-6. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Waters, C.L., and M.D. Sciffer. Field line resonant frequencies and ionospheric conductance: results from a 2-D MHD model, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A05219, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012822. [Google Scholar]
  • Waters, C.L., F.W. Menk, and B.J. Fraser. The resonance structure of low latitude Pc3 geomagnetic pulsations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18 (12), 2293–2296, 1991, DOI: 10.1029/91GL02550. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Waters, C.L., B.G. Harrold, F.W. Menk, J.C. Samson, and B.J. Fraser. Field line resonances and waveguide modes at low latitudes, 2. A model, J. Geophys. Res., 105, A4, 7763–7774, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/1999JA900267. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Waters, C.L., F.W. Menk, M.F. Thomson, C. Foster, and F.R. Fenrich. Remote sensing the magnetosphere using ground-based observations of ULF waves. In: K. Takahashi, P.J. Chi, R.E. Denton, and R.L. Lysak, Editors, Magnetospheric ULF waves: synthesis and new directions. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 319–340, 2006, DOI: 10.1029/169GM21. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Waters, C.L., J.C. Samson, and E.F. Donovan. The temporal variation of the frequency of high latitude field line resonances, J. Geophys. Res., 100, A5, 7987–7996, 1995, DOI: 10.1029/94JA02712. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Yizengaw, E., and M.B. Moldwin. The altitude extension of the mid-latitude trough and its correlation with plasmapause position, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L09105, 2005, DOI: 10.1029/2005GL022854. [Google Scholar]
  • Yizengaw, E., M.B. Moldwin, P.L. Dyson, B.J. Fraser, and S. Morley. First tomographic image of ionospheric outflows, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L20102, 2006a, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027698. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Yizengaw, E., M.B. Moldwin, and D.A. Galvan. Ionospheric signatures of a plasmaspheric plume over Europe, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L17103, 2006b, DOI: 10.1029/2006GL026597. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Yizengaw, E., J. Dewar, J. MacNeil, M.B. Moldwin, D. Galvan, J. Sanny, D. Berube, and B. Sandel. The occurrence of ionospheric signatures of plasmaspheric plumes over different longitudinal sectors, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A08318, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012925. [Google Scholar]
  • Yoshikawa, I., A. Yamazaki, K. Shiomi, K. Yamashita, Y. Takizawa, and M. Nakamura. Evolution of the outer plasmasphere during low geomagnetic activity observed by the EUV scanner onboard Planet-B, J. Geophys. Res., 105, A12, 27777–27789, 2000, DOI: 10.1029/2000JA900106. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Zhang, X., R.H. Comfort, Z.E. Musielak, T.E. Moore, D.L. Gallagher, and J.L. Green. Propagation characteristics of Pc3 compressional waves generated at the dayside magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 98, A9, 15403–15410, 1993, DOI: 10.1029/93JA01322. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.