J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 5, 2015
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||11 September 2015|
On the influence of solar activity on the mid-latitude sporadic E layer
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Via di Vigna Murata 605, 00143
2 Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione, Elettronica e Telecomunicazioni, Sapienza Università di Roma, 00185 Rome, Italy
3 Istituto per la Scienza dell’Atmosfera e del Clima, CNR, 00133 Rome, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 27 July 2015
To investigate the influence of solar cycle variability on the sporadic E layer (Es), hourly measurements of the critical frequency of the Es ordinary mode of propagation, foEs, and of the blanketing frequency of the Es layer, fbEs, recorded from January 1976 to December 2009 at the Rome (Italy) ionospheric station (41.8° N, 12.5° E), were examined. The results are: (1) a high positive correlation between the F10.7 solar index and foEs as well as between F10.7 and fbEs, both for the whole data set and for each solar cycle separately, the correlation between F10.7 and fbEs being much higher than the one between F10.7 and foEs; (2) a decreasing long-term trend of the F10.7, foEs and fbEs time series, with foEs decreasing more rapidly than F10.7 and fbEs; (3) clear and statistically significant peaks at 11 years in the foEs and fbEs time series, inferred from Lomb-Scargle periodograms.
Key words: Ionosphere (mid latitude) / Solar cycle / Data analysis / Radio sciences / Plasma physics
© M. Pezzopane et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2015
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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