Open Access
Issue
J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 5, 2015
Article Number A31
Number of page(s) 8
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2015031
Published online 11 September 2015
  • Axford, W.I. The formation and vertical movement of dense ionized layers in the ionosphere due to neutral wind shears. J. Geophys. Res., 68, 769–779, 1963. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Baggaley, W.J. Three solar cycles of day-time southern hemisphere Es activity. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46, 207–210, 1984. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Barry Research Corporation. VOS-1A User Manual, Palo Alto, California, USA, 1975. [Google Scholar]
  • Bibl, K., and B.W. Reinisch. The universal digital ionosonde. Radio Sci., 13, 519–530, 1978, DOI: 10.1029/RS013i003p00519. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bossolasco, M., and A. Elena. Sporadic E-layer ionization and sunspot cycle. Geofis. Pura Appl., 56, 142–149, 1963. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chimonas, G. Enhancement of sporadic E by horizontal transport within the layer. J. Geophys. Res., 76, 4578–4586, 1971. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chimonas, G., and W.I. Axford. Vertical movement of temperate-zone sporadic E layers. J. Geophys. Res., 73, 111–117, 1968. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Cooper, N.S. Inferring solar UV variability from the atmospheric tide. Nature, 296, 131–132, 1982. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Haldoupis, C. A tutorial review on Sporadic E layers. In Aeronomy of the Earth’s atmosphere–ionosphere, Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York, IAGA Book Series 2, 381–394, 2011. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Haldoupis, C. Midlatitude Sporadic E layers. A typical paradigm of atmosphere-ionosphere coupling. Space Sci. Rev., 168, 441–461, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11214-011-9786-8. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Haldoupis, C., and D. Pancheva. Planetary waves and midlatitude sporadic E layers: strong experimental evidence for a close relationship. J. Geophys. Res., 107, SIA 3-1–SIA 3-6, 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2001JA000212. [Google Scholar]
  • Haldoupis, C., D. Pancheva, and N.J. Mitchell. A study of tidal and planetary wave periodicities present in midlatitude sporadic E layers. J. Geophys. Res., 109, A02302, 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JA010253. [Google Scholar]
  • Harper, R.M., R.H. Wand, and J.D. Whitehead. Comparison of Arecibo E-region data and sporadic E theory: a measurement of the diffusion coefficient. Radio Sci., 10, 357, 1975. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kotadia, K.M. Sporadic-E ionization over Ahmedabad through the half solar cycle 1954–1957. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 31, 1137–1146, 1969. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Lastovicka, J., J. Boska, D. Buresova, and D. Kouba. High historical values of foEs – reality or artefact?”. J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 74, 51–54, 2012. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • MacDougall, J.W. 110 km neutral zonal wind patterns. Planet. Space Sci., 22, 545–558, 1974. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Maksyutin, S.V., O.N. Sherstyukov, and A.N. Fahrutdinova. Dependence of sporadic-E layer and lower thermosphere dynamics on solar activity. Adv. Space Res., 27, 1265–1270, 2001. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mathews, J.D. Sporadic E: current views and recent progress. J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 60, 413–435, 1998. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pancheva, D., N. Mitchell, H. Middleton, and H. Muller. Variability of the semidiurnal tide due to fluctuations in solar activity and total ozone. J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 65, 1–19, 2003. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pietrella, M., and C. Bianchi. Occurrence of sporadic-E layer over the ionospheric station of Rome: analysis of data for thirty-two years. Adv. Space Res., 44, 72–81, 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2009.03.006. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pietrella, M., M. Pezzopane, and C. Bianchi. A comparative sporadic-E layer study between two mid-latitude ionospheric stations. Adv. Space Res., 54, 150–160, 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.03.019. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Piggott, W.R., and K. Rawer. URSI handbook of ionogram interpretation and reduction, US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Data Service, Asheville, NC, 326, Report UAG 23, 1972. [Google Scholar]
  • Pignalberi, A., M. Pezzopane, and E. Zuccheretti. Sporadic E layer at mid-latitudes: average properties and influence of atmospheric tides. Ann. Geophys., 32, 1427–1440, 2014, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-32-1427-2014. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pignalberi, A., M. Pezzopane, and E. Zuccheretti. A spectral study of the mid-latitude sporadic E layer characteristic oscillations comparable to those of the tidal and the planetary waves. J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 122, 34–44, 2015, DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2014.10.017. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Rice, D.D., J.J. Sojka, J.V. Eccles, J.W. Raitt, J.J. Brady, and R.D. Hunsucker. First results of mapping sporadic E with a passive observing network. Space Weather, 9, S12001, 2011, DOI: 10.1029/2011SW000678. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Rishbeth, H., and O.K. Garriott. Introduction to ionospheric physics, Academic Press, New York, USA, 331, 1969. [Google Scholar]
  • Romano, V., S. Pau, M. Pezzopane, E. Zuccheretti, B. Zolesi, G. De Franceschi, and S. Locatelli. The electronic space weather upper atmosphere (eSWua) project at INGV: advancements and state of the art. Ann. Geophys., 26, 345–351, 2008, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-26-345-2008. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Szuszczewicz, E.P., R.G. Roble, P.J. Wilkinson, and R. Hanbaba. Coupling mechanisms in the lower ionospheric – thermospheric system and manifestations in the formation and dynamics of intermediate descending layers. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 1483–1496, 1995. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Tsunoda, R., M. Yamamoto, K. Igarashi, K. Hocke, and S. Fukao. Quasi-periodic radar echoes from midlatitude sporadic E and role of the 5-day planetary wave. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 951–954, 1998. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Vial, F. Causes of tidal variability. In: E.V. Thrane, T.A. Blix, D.C. Fritts, Editors, Coupling processes in the lower and middle atmosphere, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht, Netherlands, NATO ASI, 387, 137–151, 1993. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Whitehead, J.D. The formation of the sporadic-E layer in the temperate zones. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 20, 49–58, 1961. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Whitehead, J.D. Production and prediction of sporadic E. Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 8, 65–144, 1970. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Whitehead, J.D. Recent work on mid-latitude and equatorial sporadic-E. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 51, 401–424, 1989. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wilkinson, P.J., E.P. Szuszczewicz, and R.G. Roble. Measurements and modelling of intermediate, descending, and sporadic layers in the lower ionosphere: results and implications for global-scale ionospheric- thermospheric studies. Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 95–98, 1992. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Withers, P., M. Mendillo, D.P. Hinson, and K. Cahoy. Physical characteristics and occurrence rates of meteoric plasma layers detected in the Martian ionosphere by the Mars Global Surveyor Radio Science Experiment. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A12314, 2008, DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013636. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Zuccheretti, E., G. Tutone, U. Sciacca, C. Bianchi, and B.J. Arokiasamy. The new AIS-INGV digital ionosonde. Ann.Ann. Geophys. Italy, 46 647–659, 2003. [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.