J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 10, 2020
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||30 November 2020|
Long-term observation of magnetic pulsations through the ELF Hylaty station located in the Bieszczady Mountains (south–eastern Poland)
Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, ul. prof. St. Łojasiewicza 11, 30-348 Kraków, Poland
2 Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 October 2020
Ground-based measurements of ultra- and extremely low-frequency waves (ULF/ELF) carried out in 2005–2016 (the 23rd and 24th solar cycle) at the ELF Hylaty station in Bieszczady Mountains (south–eastern Poland) were used to identify the days (360 days) in which magnetic pulsation events (MPEs) occurred. To reveal sources of MPEs at the Sun we considered their correlation with the basic indices describing solar activity. Our analysis, like earlier studies, did not reveal a significant positive correlation between the MPE detection rate and the sunspot numbers (SSN). On the other hand, we showed that MPEs are strongly correlated (correlation coefficient ≈0.70) with moderate (Dst < −70 nT) and intense (Dst < −100 nT) geomagnetic disturbances expressed by the Disturbance Storm Index (Dst). We recognized all sources of these geomagnetic storms associated with the considered MPEs. Only 44% of the MPEs were associated with storms caused by CMEs listed in the CDAW LASCO CME catalog. 56% of the MPEs were associated with storms caused by other phenomena including corotating interaction regions (CIRs), slow solar wind or CMEs not detected by LASCO. We also demonstrated that the CMEs associated with the MPEs were very energetic, i.e. they were extremely wide (partial and halo events) and fast (with the average speed above 1100 km s−1). CMEs and CIRs generally appear in different phases of solar cycles. Because MPEs are strongly related to both of these phenomena they cannot be associated with any phase of a solar cycle or with any indicator characterizing a 11-year solar activity. We also suggested that the low number of MPEs associated with CMEs is due to the anomalous 24 solar cycle. During this cycle, due to low density of the interplanetary medium, CMEs could easily eject and expand, but they were not geoeffective.
Key words: magnetic pulsation / ULF/ELF waves / 24 Solar Cycle
© Z. Nieckarz & G. Michałek, Published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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