J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 12, 2022
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||09 September 2022|
Geomagnetic field shielding over the last one hundred thousand years
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
2 Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100029 Beijing, China
3 College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 22 July 2022
The geomagnetic field prevents energetic particles, such as galactic cosmic rays, from directly interacting with the Earth’s atmosphere. The geomagnetic field is not static but constantly changing, and over the last 100,000 years, several geomagnetic excursions occurred. During geomagnetic field excursions, the field strength is significantly decreased and the field morphology is strongly influenced by non-dipole components, and more cosmic ray particles can access the Earth’s atmosphere. Paleomagnetic field models provide a global view of the long-term geomagnetic field evolution, however, with individual spatial and temporal resolution and uncertainties. Here, we reconstruct the geomagnetic shielding effect over the last 100,000 years by calculating the geomagnetic cutoff rigidity using four global paleomagnetic field models, i.e., the GGF100k, GGFSS70, LSMOD.2, and CALS10k.2 model. We compare results for overlapping periods and find that the model selection is crucial to constrain the cutoff rigidity variation. However, all models indicate that the non-dipole components of the geomagnetic field are not negligible for estimating the long-term geomagnetic shielding effect. We provide a combined record of global cutoff rigidities using the best available model for individual time intervals. Our results provide the possibility to estimate the cosmogenic isotope production rate and cosmic radiation dose rate covering the last 100,000 years according to the best current knowledge about geomagnetic field evolution, and will be useful in further long-term solar activity and climate change reconstruction.
Key words: Geomagnetic field / cosmic ray / cutoff rigidity / excursion / energetic particles
© J. Gao et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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