J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 12, 2022
Topical Issue - Ionospheric plasma irregularities and their impact on radio systems
|Number of page(s)
|02 September 2022
The study of topside ionospheric irregularities during geomagnetic storms in 2015
CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 23000, China
2 Department of Physics, Adeleke University, Ede 232101, Osun, Nigeria
3 Mengcheng National Geophysical Observatory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230000, China
4 CAS Center for Excellence in Comparative Planetology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230000, China
5 School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat‐Sen University, Zhuhai 519000, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 11 August 2022
In this study, the variations of topside ionospheric irregularities during 24 geomagnetic storms with Dst ≤ −50 nT in 2015 were examined through an algorithm specifically designed to detect a significant level of ionospheric irregularities. The algorithm was developed through the use of several parameters derived from the topside total electron content (TEC) observations from GRACE, Swarm-C, and Swarm-B. The local time characteristics of the observed equatorial plasma irregularities (EPIs) were analyzed during different phases of the storms, within 30° S–30° N magnetic latitudes. By comparing its results with corresponding in-situ electron density data and the results of previous studies, the algorithm was found to be efficient. It was observed that the detected EPIs at different stages of the storm showed local time dependence. For instance, EPIs were observed during nighttimes, but took place in the daytime occasionally during the storm main phase. Furthermore, the percentage occurrence rates were most prominent during the main phase at the post-sunset sector within less than 6 h of the storm onset. On the other hand, the occurrence rates became prominent in the post-midnight/morning sector during the recovery phase and even higher than observed in the post-sunset sector. Based on these findings it was concluded that the dominant driver of the enhanced EPIs during the post-midnight/daytime sector could be associated with disturbance dynamo electric fields.
Key words: Topside ionosphere / Equatorial plasma irregularities / Geomagnetic storm / Rate of total electron content index (ROTI) / Disturbance dynamo electric fields
© O. Jimoh et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2022
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