J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 10, 2020
Topical Issue - Space climate: The past and future of solar activity
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||16 March 2020|
Grand Minima in a spherical non-kinematic α2Ω mean-field dynamo model
Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Montréal, QC, Canada
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 January 2020
We present a non-kinematic axisymetric α2Ω mean-field dynamo model in which the complete α-tensor and mean differential rotation profile are both extracted from a global magnetohydrodynamical simulation of solar convection producing cycling large-scale magnetic fields. The nonlinear backreaction of the Lorentz force on differential rotation is the only amplitude-limiting mechanism introduced in the mean-field model. We compare and contrast the amplitude modulation patterns characterizing this mean-field dynamo, to those already well-studied in the context of non-kinematic αΩ models using a scalar α-effect. As in the latter, we find that large quasi-periodic modulation of the primary cycle are produced at low magnetic Prandtl number (Pm), with the ratio of modulation period to the primary cycle period scaling inversely with Pm. The variations of differential rotation remain well within the bounds set by observed solar torsional oscillations. In this low-Pm regime, moderately supercritical solutions can also exhibit aperiodic Maunder Minimum-like periods of strongly reduced cycle amplitude. The inter-event waiting time distribution is approximately exponential, in agreement with solar activity reconstructions based on cosmogenic radioisotopes. Secular variations in low-latitude surface differential rotation during Grand Minima, as compared to epochs of normal cyclic behavior, are commensurate in amplitude with historical inferences based on sunspot drawings. Our modeling results suggest that the low levels of observed variations in the solar differential rotation in the course of the activity cycle may nonetheless contribute to, or perhaps even dominate, the regulation of the magnetic cycle amplitude.
Key words: Solar cycle / solar dynamo / Grand Minima
© C. Simard & P. Charbonneau, Published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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