J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 10, 2020
|Number of page(s)
|09 June 2020
Further complexities on the pre-reversal vertical drift modeling over the Brazilian region: A comparison between long-term observations and model results
Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA), São José dos Campos, SP 12228-900, Brazil
2 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), São José dos Campos, SP 12227-010, Brazil
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 18 May 2020
The vertical component of the plasma drift, especially the evening-time pre-reversal drift, constitutes an important aspect of the nighttime electrodynamics of the equatorial ionosphere. Over the years, several studies using measurements and models have been performed to understand the characteristics of this process and its implications for the development of the instabilities leading to the plasma bubble formation and ionospheric scintillation. However, the Brazilian region presents some unique features that bring some difficulties for the vertical drift prognosis, which is required for the scintillation forecasting. These features are mainly related to the geomagnetic field lines topology that presents strong differences when compared to those of other equatorial longitudes. In this work, some of the difficulties for the pre-reversal vertical drift modeling and estimation are discussed; also, a dataset containing long-term observation (2001–2009) is compared with a widely used empirical model. The results show an intrinsic trend of underestimation by the model, which seems to be independent of latitude and seasonality thus suggesting an additional contribution arising from sources other than solely the geomagnetic topology. Also, the results indicate that the deviation can vary in the range of 0–40 m/s and the percentage error enhances with increasing values of pre-reversal vertical drift peak and reduces with increasing F10.7 values, thereby, indicating a clear possibility of meridional winds contribution which is not included in the empirical model used and may account for these differences.
Key words: Pre-reversal vertical drift / Equatorial plasma electrodynamics / Ionospheric modeling
© J. Sousasantos et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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