J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 10, 2020
Topical Issue - Space Weather Instrumentation
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||05 August 2020|
Optical instrumentation for chromospheric monitoring during solar cycle 25 at Paris and Côte d’Azur observatories
LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, 92195 Meudon, France
2 Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange, 06304 Nice, France
3 IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, CNES, UPS, 31028 Toulouse, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 21 June 2020
We present the observing program proposed by Paris and Côte d’Azur Observatories for monitoring solar activity during the upcoming cycle 25 and providing near real time images and movies of the chromosphere for space-weather research and applications. Two optical instruments are fully dedicated to this task and we summarize their capabilities. Short-term and fast-cadence observations of the chromosphere will be performed automatically at Calern observatory (Côte d’Azur), where dynamic events, as flare development, Moreton waves, filament instabilities and Coronal Mass Ejections onset, will be tracked. This new set of telescopes will operate in 2021 with narrow bandpass filters selecting Hα and CaII K lines. We present the instrumental design and a simulation of future images. At Meudon, the Spectroheliograph is well adapted to the long-term and low-cadence survey of chromospheric activity by recently improved and optimized spectroscopic means. Surface scans deliver daily (x, y, λ) datacubes of Hα, CaII K and CaII H line profiles. We describe the nature of available data and emphasize the new calibration method of spectra.
Key words: Sun / chromosphere / optical observations / solar cycle 25
© J.-M. Malherbe et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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