J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 10, 2020
Topical Issue - Scientific Advances from the European Commission H2020 projects on Space Weather
|Number of page(s)
|05 August 2020
Identification of potential precursors for the occurrence of Large-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances in a case study during September 2017
Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, German Aerospace Center, 17235 Neustrelitz, Germany
2 Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
3 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Brasilia, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, 70910-900 Brasília, Brazil
4 Leibniz Institute of Atmospheric Physics at the University of Rostock, 18556 Juliusruh, Germany
5 Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 14131 Prague, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 9 June 2020
Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances (TIDs) reflect changes in the ionospheric electron density which are caused by atmospheric gravity waves. These changes in the electron density impact the functionality of different applications such as precise navigation and high-frequency geolocation. The Horizon 2020 project TechTIDE establishes a warning system for the occurrence of TIDs with the motivation to mitigate their impact on communication and navigation applications. This requires the identification of appropriate indicators for the generation of TIDs and for this purpose we investigate potential precursors for the TID occurrence. This paper presents a case study of the double main phase geomagnetic storm, starting from the night of 7th September and lasting until the end of 8th September 2017. Detrended Total Electron Content (TEC) derived from Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) measurements from more than 880 ground stations in Europe was used to identify the occurrence of different types of large scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LSTIDs) propagating over the European sector. In this case study, LSTIDs were observed more frequently and with higher amplitude during periods of enhanced auroral activity, as indicated by increased electrojet index (IE) from the International Monitor for Auroral Geomagnetic Effects (IMAGE). Our investigation suggests that Joule heating due to the dissipation of Pedersen currents is the main contributor to the excitation of the observed LSTIDs. We observe that the LSTIDs are excited predominantly after strong ionospheric perturbations at high-latitudes. Ionospheric parameters including TEC gradients, the Along Arc TEC Rate (AATR) index and the Rate Of change of TEC index (ROTI) have been analysed for their suitability to serve as a precursor for LSTID occurrence in mid-latitude Europe, aiming for near real-time indication and warning of LSTID activity. The results of the presented case study suggest that the AATR index and TEC gradients are promising candidates for near real-time indication and warning of the LSTIDs occurrence in mid-latitude Europe since they have a close relation to the source mechanisms of LSTIDs during periods of increased auroral activity.
Key words: LSTID / ROTI / TEC gradients / AATR / GIC
© A.A. Ferreira et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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