Open Access
J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 3, 2013
Article Number A15
Number of page(s) 16
Published online 08 April 2013
  • Banks, P.M., and G. Kockarts, Aeronomy, Academic Press, New York, London, 1973. [Google Scholar]
  • Balsley, B.B., D.A. Carter, and R.F. Woodman, Vertical ionization drifts in the lower equatorial ionosphere and the meridional current systems, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 1296–1300, 1976. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Belehaki, A., I. Tsagouri, I. Kutiev, P. Marinov, and S. Fidanova, Upgrades to the topside sounders model assisted by Digisonde (TaD) and its validation at the topside ionosphere, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 2, A20, DOI:, 2012. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Bowman, B.R., W.K. Tobiska, F.A. Marcos, C.Y. Huang, C.S. Lin, and W.J. Burke, A new empirical thermospheric density model JB2008 using new solar and geomagnetic indices, AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference, 18–21 August 2008 Honolulu, Hawaii, 19, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  • Bruinsma, S., D. Tamagnan, and R. Biancale, Atmospheric density derived from CHAMP/STAR accelerometer observations, Planet Space Sci., 52, 297–312, 2004. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bruinsma, S., J. Forbes, R.S. Nerem, and X. Zhang, Thermospheric density response to the 20–21 November CHAMP and GRACE accelerometer data, J. Geophys. Res., 111, A06303, DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011284, 2006. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Chuo, Y.-J., C.-C. Lee, W.-S. Chen, and B.W. Reinisch, Comparison between bottomside ionospheric profile parameters retrieved from FORMOSAT3 measurements and ground-based observations collected at Jicamarca, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 73, 1665–1673, 2011. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Deminov, M.G., V.K. Kozlov, and Yu.S. Sitnov, Ionospheric O+ ions distribution over geomagnetic equator, Res. Sol. Terr. Phys., M.: IZMIRAN, 22–30, (in Russian), 1977. [Google Scholar]
  • Doornbos, E., Thermospheric Density and Wind Determination from Satellite Dynamics, Springer Theses, Springer, Available from, 2012. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fejer, B.G., The equatorial ionospheric electric fields. A review, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 43, 377–385, 1981. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fejer, B., and L. Scherliess, Empirical models of storm time equatorial zonal electric fields, J. Geophys. Res., 102 (A11), 24047–24056, 1997. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Fejer, B.G., J.W. Jensen, and S.-Y. Su, Quiet time equatorial F region vertical plasma drift model derived from ROCSAT-1 observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A05304, DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012801, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  • Hedin, A.E., MSIS-86 thermospheric model, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 4649–4662, 1987. [Google Scholar]
  • Himmelblau, D.M., Applied Nonlinear Programming, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1972. [Google Scholar]
  • Huang, X., and B.W. Reinisch, Vertical electron density profiles from the digisonde network, Adv. Space Res., 18, 121–129, 1996. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ivanov-Kholodny, G.S., and G.M. Nikoljsky, The Sun and the Ionosphere, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 455 (in Russian), 1969. [Google Scholar]
  • Galkin, I.A., G.M. Khmyrov, A.V. Kozlov, B.W. Reinisch, X. Huang, and V.V. Paznukhov, The ARTIST 5, Radio Sounding Plasma Phys., AIP Proc., 974, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  • Kudeki, E., S. Bhattachayya, and R.F. Woodman, A new approach in incoherent scatter F region ExB drift measurements at Jicamarca, J. Geophys. Res., 104 (A12), 28145–28162, 1999. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kutiev, I., P. Marinov, S. Fidanova, A. Belehaki, and I. Tsagouri, Adjustments of the TaD electron density reconstruction model with GNSS-TEC parameters for operational application purposes, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 2, A21, DOI:, 2012. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Leschinskaya, T.Yu., and A.V. Mikhailov, Description of the electron density distribution above the geomagnetic equator in the daytime F2 region of the ionosphere, Geomag. Aeron., 24, 739–744, 1984. [Google Scholar]
  • Lilensten, J., Lj.R. Cander, M.T. Rietveld, P.S. Cannon, and M. Barthelemy, Comparison of EISCAT and ionosonde electron densities: application to a ground-based ionospheric segment of a space weather programme, Ann. Geophys., 23, 183–189, 2005. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • McNamara, L.F., D.L. Cooke, C.E. Valladares, and B.W. Reinisch, Comparison of CHAMP and Digisonde plasma frequencies at Jicamarca, Radio Sci., 42, RS2005, DOI: 10.1029/2006RS003491, 2007. [Google Scholar]
  • Mikhailov, A.V., and J. Lilensten, A revised method to extract thermospheric parameters from incoherent scatter observations, Ann. Geophys., 47 (N2/3), 985–1008, 2004. [Google Scholar]
  • Mikhailov, A.V., A. Belehaki, L. Perrone, B. Zolesi, and I. Tsagouri, Retrieval of thermospheric parameters from routine ionospheric observations: assessment of method’s performance at mid-latitudes daytime hours, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 2, A03, DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2012002, 2012. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Munninghoff, D.E., Ion and electron temperatures in the topside ionosphere, Aeron. Rep., 86, Aeronom. Lab. Univ. Illinois, Urbana, 1979. [Google Scholar]
  • Nava, B., S.M. Radicella, and F. Azpilicueta, Data ingestion into NeQuick 2, Radio Sci., 46, RS0D17, DOI: 10.1029/2010RS004635, 2011. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Nsumei, P., B.W. Reinisch, X. Huang, and D. Bilitza, New vary-chap profile of the topside ionosphere electron density distribution for use with the IRI Model and the GIRO real time data, Radio Sci., 47, RS0L16, DOI: 10.1029/2012RS004989, 2012. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Nusinov, A.A., Solar activity dependence of the intensity of shortwave radiation, Geomag. Aeron. (in Russian), 24, 529–536, 1984. [Google Scholar]
  • Nusinov, A.A., Models for prediction of EUV and X-ray solar radiation based on 10.7-cm radio emission, Proc. Workshop on Solar Electromagnetic Radiation for Solar Cycle 22, Boulder, Co., Ed. R.F., Donnely, NOAA, ERL, Boulder, Co, USA 354–359, 1992. [Google Scholar]
  • Picone, J.M., A.E. Hedin, D.P. Drob, and A.C. Aikin, NRLMSISE-00 empirical model of the atmosphere: statistical comparison and scientific issues, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 1468, DOI: 10.1029/2002JA009430, 2002. [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., and X. Huang, Automatic calculation of electron density profiles from digital ionograms, 3, Processing of bottomside ionograms, Radio Sci., 18, 477–492, 1983. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., and X. Huang, Deducing topside profiles and total electron content from bottomside ionograms, Adv. Space Res., 27 (1), 23–30, 2001. [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., I.A. Galkin, G. Khmyrov, A. Kozlov, and D.F. Kitrosser, Automated collection and dissemination of ionospheric data from the digisonde network, Adv. Radio Sci., 2, 241–247, 2004a. [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., X.-Q. Huang, A. Belehaki, J.-K. Shi, and R. Ilma, Modeling the IRI topside profile using scale heights from ground-based ionosonde measurements, Adv. Space Res., 34, 2026–2031, 2004b. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., X. Huang, I.A. Galkin, V. Paznukhov, and A. Kozlov, Recent advances in real-time analysis of ionograms and ionospheric drift measurements with digisondes, J. Atmos. Sol Terr. Phys., 67, 1054–1062, 2005. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Reinisch, B.W., I.A. Galkin, G.M. Khmyrov, et al., Advancing digisonde technology: the DPS-4D, Radio Sounding Plasma Phys., AIP Conf. Proc., 974, 127–143, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  • Richards, P.G., Reexamination of ionospheric photochemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A08307, DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016613, 2011. [Google Scholar]
  • Richards, P.G., and D.G. Torr, Ratios of photoelectron to EUV ionization rates for aeronomic studies, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 4060–4066, 1988. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Richards, P.G., J.A. Fennelly, and D.G. Torr, EUVAC: a solar EUV flux model for aeronomic calculations, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 8981–8992, 1994. [Google Scholar]
  • Scherliess, L., and B.G. Fejer, Radar and satellite global equatorial F region vertical drift model, J. Geophys. Res., 104 (A4), 6829–6842, 1999. [Google Scholar]
  • Shim, J.S., M. Kuznetsova, L. Rastatter, D. Bilitza, M. Butala, et al., CEDAR electrodynamics thermosphere ionosphere (ETI) challenge for systematic assessment of ionosphere/hermosphere models: electron density neutral density NmF2 and hmF2 using space based observations, Space Weather, 10, S10004, s234, DOI: 10.1029/2012SW000851, 2012. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Stoneback, R.A., R.A. Heelis, A.G. Burrell, W.R. Coley, B.G. Fejer, and E. Pacheco, Observations of quiet time vertical ion drift in the equatorial ionosphere during the solar minimum period of 2009, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12327, DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016712,2011. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Sutton, E.K., Effects of Solar Disturbances on the Thermosphere Densities and Winds from CHAMP and GRACE Satellite Accelerometer Data, A thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Colorado for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  • Titheridge, J.E., The real height analysis of ionograms: a generalized formulation, Radio Sci., 23 (5), 831–849, 1988. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Torr, M.R., D.G. Torr, R.A. Ong, and H.E. Hinteregger, Ionization frequencies for major thermospheric constituents as a function of solar cycle 21, Geophys. Res. Lett., 6, 771–774, 1979. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Varney, R.H., D.L. Hysell, and J.D. Huba, Sensitivity studies of equatorial topside electron and ion temperatures, J. Geophys. Res., 116, A06321, DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016549, 2011. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.