Open Access
Issue
J. Space Weather Space Clim.
Volume 5, 2015
Article Number A7
Number of page(s) 9
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2015008
Published online 09 March 2015
  • Adam, A., E. Pracser, and V. Wesztergom. Estimation of the electric resistivity distribution (EURHOM) in the European lithosphere in the frame of the EURISGIC WP2 project. Acta Geod. Geoph. Hung., 47, 377–387, 2012. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Beggan, C., D. Beamish, A. Richards, G. Kelly, and A. Thomson. Prediction of extreme geomagnetically induced currents in the UK high-voltage network. Space Weather, 11, 407–419, 2013. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Bolduc, L. GIC observations and studies in the Hydro-Québec power system. J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 64, 1793–1802, 2002. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Boteler, D.H., and R.J. Pirjola. The complex-image method for calculating the magnetic and electric fields produced at the surface of the earth by the auroral electrojet. Geophys. J. Int., 132, 31–40, 1998. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Burton, R.K., R.L. McPherron, and C.T. Russell. An empirical relationship between interplanetary conditions and Dst. J. Geophys. Res., 80 (31), 4204–4214, 1975. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Cagniard, L. Basic theory of the magneto-telluric method of geophysical prospecting. Geophysics, 18, 605–635, 1953. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Curto, J.J., T. Araki, and L.F. Alberca. Evolution of the concept of sudden storm commencements and their operative identification. Earth Planets Space, 59, i–xii, 2007. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Dong, B., D.W. Danskin, R.J. Pirjola, D.H. Boteler, and Z.Z. Wang. Evaluating the applicability of the finite element method for modelling of geoelectric fields. Ann. Geophys., 31 (10), 1689–1698, 2013, http://www.ann-geophys.net/31/1689/2013/. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Elman, J.L. Finding structure in time. Cognitive Science, 14, 179–211, 1990. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Ferro, C.A.T., and D.B. Stephenson. Forecast verification: A practioner’s guide in atmospheric science, 2nd edn., John Wiley and Sons Ltd, Chapter 10 Deterministic forecasts of extreme events and warnings, 2012. [Google Scholar]
  • Gaunt, C.T. Reducing uncertainty – responses for electricity utilities to severe solar storms. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 4, A01, 2014. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Kis, A., A. Koppan, I. Lemperger, T. Prodan, J. Szendröi, J. Verö, and V. Wesztergom. Long-term variation of the geoelectric activity index. Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sc., C-99 (398), 353–360, 2007. [Google Scholar]
  • Lundstedt, H. The sun, space weather and GIC effects in Sweden. Adv. Space Res., 37, 1182–1191, 2006. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Lundstedt, H., H. Gleisner, and P. Wintoft. Operational forecasts of the geomagnetic Dst index. Geophys. Res. Lett., 106 (A6), 1–4, 2001. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Mayaud, P.N. Derivation, meaning, and use of geomagnetic indices, American Geophysical Union, Vol. 22 of Geophysical monograph, 1980. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • McComas, D.J., S.J. Bame, P. Barker, W.C. Feldman, J.L. Phillips, P. Riley, and J.W. Griffee. Solar wind electron proton alpha monitor (SWEPAM) for the Advanced Composition Explorer. Space Sci. Rev., 86, 563–612, 1998. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Pirjola, R., A. Viljanen, A. Pulkkinen, S. Kilpua, and O. Amm. Ground effects of space weather, NATO Science Series, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Chapter Space weather effects on electric power transmission grids and pipelines, 2004. [Google Scholar]
  • Pulkkinen, A., A. Viljanen, and R. Pirjola. Estimation of geomagnetically induced current levels from different input data. Space Weather, 4, S08005, 2006. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Schrijver, C.J., and S.D. Mitchell. Disturbances in the US electric grid associated with geomagnetic activity. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 3, A19, 2013. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Smith, C.W., J. L’Heureux, N.F. Ness, M.H. Acũna, L.F. Burlaga, and J. Scheifele. The ACE magnetic fields experiment. Space Sci. Rev., 86, 611, 1998. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Stone, E., A. Frandsen, R. Mewaldt, E. Christian, D. Margolies, J. Ormes, and F. Snow. The advanced composition explorer. Space Sci. Rev., 86, 1–22, 1998, DOI: 10.1023/A:1005082526237. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Trichtchenko, L., and D.H. Boteler. Modeling geomagnetically induced currents using geomagnetic indices and data. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 32 (4), 1459–1467, 2004. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Viñas, A.F., and J.D. Scudder. Fast and optimal solution to the “Rankine-Hugoniot Problem”. J. Geophys. Res., 91 (A1), 39–58, 1986. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Viljanen, A., H. Nevanlinna, K. Pajunpää, and A. Pulkkinen. Time derivative of the horizontal geomagnetic field as an activity indicator. Ann. Geophys., 19, 1108–1118, 2001. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Viljanen, A., R. Pirjola, M. Wik, A. Ádám, E. Prácser, Y. Sakharov, and Y. Katkalov. Continental scale modelling of geomagnetically induced currents. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 2, A17, 2012, DOI: 10.1051/swsc/2012017. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  • Viljanen, A., A. Pulkkinen, O. Amm, R. Pirjola, T. Korja, and B.W. Group. Fast computation of the geoelectric field using the method of elementary current systems and planar earth models. Ann. Geophys., 22, 101–113, 2004. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Weigel, R.S., D. Vassiliadis, and A.J. Klimas. Coupling of the solar wind to temporal fluctuations in ground magnetic fields. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (19), 1915, 2002. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wik, M., R. Pirjola, H. Lundstedt, A. Viljanen, P. Wintoft, and A. Pulkkinen. Space weather events in July 1982 and October 2003 and the effects of geomagnetically induced currents on Swedish technical systems. Ann. Geophys., 27, 1775–1787, 2009. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wintoft, P. Study of the solar wind coupling to the time difference horizontal geomagnetic field. Ann. Geophys., 23, 1949–1957, 2005. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Wintoft, P., M. Wik, H. Lundstedt, and L. Eliasson. Predictions of local ground geomagnetic field fluctuations during the 7–10 November 2004 events studied with solar wind driven models. Ann. Geophys., 23, 3095–3101, 2005. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.